Research Question 2: What key technologies are missing from our list?


Instructions: Please use these prompts to help you consider what might need to be added to the current list of Horizon Topics. Add your thoughts as bullet points below, using a new bullet point for each new technology or topic. Please add your comments to previous entries if you agree or disagree.
  1. What would you list among the established technologies that some educational institutions are using today that arguably ALL institutions should using broadly to support or enhance teaching, learning, or creative inquiry?
  2. What technologies that have a solid user base in consumer, entertainment, or other industries should educational institutions be actively looking for ways to apply?
  3. What are the key emerging technologies you see developing to the point that learning-focused institutions should begin to take notice during the next 4 to 5 years?

Each new topic entry must include a title, a description similar to the ones that are written now, and, if needed, a rationale as to why it is different from any of the existing topics. The Horizon Project research team will investigate each nomination entered here to see if it meets the criteria set for new topics (eg., that the topic represents a "real" technology, as opposed to a concept, a new idea, or a proposal; that it is sufficiently developed that research, projects, and information about it exist; and that it has a demonstrable link, or strong potential link, to education).

Please "sign" your contributions by marking them with the code of 4 tildes (~) in a row so that we can follow up with you if we need additional information or leads to examples.
  • iPads and other slate/tablet-style devices. These overlap a lot with mobile, but are they important and distinct enough to break them apart? For me, implementing an iPad-based project would be very different than one focused on mobile phones, even if they were smart phones. - Larry Larry May 16, 2011 Yes, am thinking in terms of creative collaborations such as making music or video at-a-distance, on-the-move - size of screen makes it much easier to work on a tablet. Already seeing music videos produced on iPad - remote collaboration potential is huge (sharing/remixing footage in the cloud). - helen.keegan helen.keegan May 16, 2011 There's also the employability angle. Some disciplines are now seeing the iPad as an inudtry standard tool (some examples in Digital Illustration) - the iPad did not exist when the students enrolled on their programme, so we need to change curriculum to include this tech. - neil.witt neil.witt May 16, 2011 Agree that this feels like a separate topic - kelly.smith kelly.smith May 17, 2011 Definitely has emerged as different than mobiles, especially this past year.- Sam Sam May 17, 2011
  • Ethical Issues. Covers a range of topics such as digital identity (projection of self-image(s) on-line), cyber-bullying, ownership of content, staff-student relationships, etc. New technologies and new ways of working have the potential of great benefits, but also risks that could be a barrier to uptake, or that could affect home and working lives - kelly.smith kelly.smith May 17, 2011 Agree - martin.weller martin.weller May 17, 2011 Agree - david.harrison david.harrison May 18, 2011
  • Digital/social curation. Using curation services such as Paper.Li to capture information and share experiences, services which get more people sharing content and participating. - helen.keegan helen.keegan May 17, 2011 I think this one is really interesting. I've dabbled with paper.li and found it quite useful to produce digests of information. The modern-day "extracts" that I used to read when a researcher. - david.harrison david.harrison May 18, 2011
  • Impact of technology associated practices - I realise this is getting a bit social science, but for example, the impact of blogs is as much about the practices that come with them as the technology itself (NOTE - I am definitely not saying the technology isn't important). Blogs have an associated culture of openness, reciprocity, early release, acknowledgement, democratisation, etc. When an individual becomes a blogger they usually take on these cultural norms. It is the s spread of these norms in education that may have the biggest impact. And the same applies for other technologies. - martin.weller martin.weller May 17, 2011
  • Structured Content Management for Future Textbooks - The Educational Publishing market needs a unified and stabilized specification for structured content management in education. Publishers, Content Producers and the end users themselves, students and teachers, could greatly benefit of a common and open XML binding defining content structures and maps. This would empower re-use across at the paragraph and chapter levels and enable distributed viral and social services such as shared reading, rich media annotation and synchronous communities on digital textbooks at a level unmatched by current standards such as IMS and Scorm. DITA, the Darwinian Information Technology Architecture , a structured content management specification originally developed by IBM and now mantained and evolved by Oasis is rapidly gaining interest for educational resources publishing. The advent of the Ipad and Android tablets has accelerated such need and a common format for structured content management in Educational textbooks is needed to make new generation educational resources and ebooks. Read also Introduction to Structured Content Management with XML http://www.realstorygroup.com/Feature/112 and Introduction to DITA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darwin_Information_Typing_Architecture or http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/xml/library/x-dita1/ - fabrizio.cardinali fabrizio.cardinali May 17, 2011
  • Apps. While mobiles and tablets are the enabling technologies, apps is interesting as a separate topic because they are one of the main reasons that many thought leaders are saying that the web is dead or dying. Plus, when you throw HTML5 into the equation, there's much to discuss.- Sam Sam May 17, 2011 I agree, but also from the standpoint of encouraging innovation and release of creativity. The barriers to publishing apps is coming down. The model of publishing them - open or controlled (viz. Apple) is open to debate. I must admit to preferring the latter (from the learners perspective) but wishing the former with my "open" hat on. - david.harrison david.harrison May 18, 2011
  • Robotics. This may be an emerging technology strictly for the higher ed set right now, but is still important - especially in STEM education.- Sam Sam May 17, 2011. I agree - a significant up and coming area. Combined with environmental sensors, geotagging etc robotics could transform science curriculum. I'd love to explore its potential in the arts as well.
  • Thought controlled devices. Although currently confined to the military, a few leisure (eg http://www.emotiv.com/) and self help products (eg bio feedback) thought control has enormous potential for empowering disabled people to access learning independently. I think you could have fantastic mainstream uses as well - imagine a brainstorming exercise with an interactive whiteboard. It's very much blue sky at the moment but it's also something with a significant potential, particularly for people with disabilities. - alistair.mcnaught alistair.mcnaught May 18, 2011
  • Wearable technologies - clothes as photovoltaic chargers as well as control or display surfaces. A bit blue sky at the moment but could become very important wihin a few years.
  • IPTV/Social Television - integration of broadcast television and social networking services, educational possibilities for collaborative viewing/discussion. Apps development for IPTV. Also dedicated channels, partnerships between institutions. - helen.keegan helen.keegan May 19, 2011
  • Network bandwidth - Not sure if this is in scope, but it seems to me that growing availability of bandwidth will dramatically change all sorts of user behaviour in teaching, learning and research over the next 5 years. Boring, I know. Announcements like http://www.ja.net/janetnews/2011/05/04/janet-pushes-the-boundaries-with-100gbits-network-for-uk-education-and-research-2/ from JANET are a part of this. But so is growing availability of high-bandwidth broadband in student residences (university owned and private), more pervasive wifi and 3G->4G->5G->whatever in mobile. For example, the availability of a 100G network between institutions may drastically change attitudes to the development and use of 'community' clouds on JANET. - andy.powell andy.powell May 19, 2011